During the rule of King Narasimha Varma in the 7th century, the city covered about 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi) and had a population of 10,000. [72] There were provisions in the city's outskirts for training the cavalry and infantry. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 3.55% and 0.09% of the population respectively. Der Distrikt ist sehr dicht besiedelt und recht stark urbanisiert: Mit 892 Einwohnern pro Quadratkilometer gehört die Bevölkerungsdichte zu den höchsten Tamil Nadus und ist deutlich höher als der Mittelwert des Bundesstaates (555 Einwohner pro Quadratkilometer). Jahrhunderts entstandene Gruppe von monolithischen Felsentempeln, und der unmittelbar am Meer gelegene Strandtempel aus dem frühen 8. [40] The city covers an area of 11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi) and has an elevation of 83.2 m (273 ft) above sea level. Thoothukudi | Kanchipuram is home to one of the four Indian Institute of Information Technology, a public private partnered institute, offering undergraduate and post graduate programs in information technology. [13] The earliest inscriptions attesting to Vijayanagar rule are those of Kumara Kampanna from 1364 and 1367, which were found in the precincts of the Kailasanathar Temple and Varadharaja Perumal Temple respectively. [107] The two sects of Hinduism, Saivism and Vaishnavism were revived under the influence of Adi Sankara and Ramanuja respectively. Vorläufer des heutigen Distrikts Kanchipuram war der Distrikt Chengalpattu (Chingleput). [62] Indian writer, politician and founder of the DMK, C. N. Annadurai, was born and raised in Kanchipuram. [30] According to the Siddhantasaravali of Trilocana Sivacharya, Rajendra Chola I brought a band of Saivas with him on his return from the Chola expedition to North India and settled them in Kanchipuram. [13] The inscriptions in four languages – Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Sanskrit – record the genealogy of the Tuluva kings and their contributions, along with those of their nobles, towards the upkeep of the shrine. [94] Water supply is provided by the Kanchipuram municipality; supplies are drawn from subterranean springs of Vegavati river. The municipal administration was renamed Kancheepuram, while the district and city retains the name Kanchipuram. Situated in Tamil Nadu, Kanchipuram district … Situated in Tamil Nadu, Kanchipuram district comprises of 481 post offices. [113], Hindus regard Kanchipuram to be one of the seven holiest cities in India, the Sapta Puri. [71] During the Vijayanagara period, the population rose to 25,000. [48], The climate of Kanchipuram is generally healthy. Verwaltungszentrum des Distrikts ist die namengebende Stadt Kanchipuram. In 2017, Kanchipuram recorded more than 100 cm of rain during Southwest Monsoon. We have tried our best to provide the correct pin codes details, however we do not guarantee for the accuracy and / or the quality of the content. [13]In the 15th century, Kanchipuram was invaded by the Velama Nayaks in 1437, the Gajapati kingdom in 1463–1465 and 1474–75 and the Bahmani Sultanate in about 1480. [16] The earliest references to Kanchipuram are found in the books of the Sanskrit grammarian Patanjali, who lived between the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE. The Garuda Purana says that seven cities, including Kanchipuram are providers of moksha. [49] Temperatures reach an average maximum of 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) between April and July, and an average minimum of 16 °C (61 °F) between December and February. A number of bronzes unearthed at Kurkihar (Apanaka Vihara, near Gaya in Bihar) mention that the majority of the donors were from Kanchi, indicating that Kurkihar was a major center for the visitors from Kanchi during 9th to 11th century, Kanchipuram had been a major center of Jainism and is associated with several famous Jain Acharyas like Samantabhadra and Akalanka. Die „fünf Rathas“, eine Mitte des 7. Ka means Brahma &anchi means worship, showing that Kanchi stands for the place where Lord Varadharaja Perumal Temple was worshipped by Lord Brahma. [7] The city houses Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Ekambareswarar Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, and Kumarakottam Temple which are some of major Hindu temples in the state. Jahrhundert Kanchipuram als Hauptstadt hatte. [128], The Kanchi Matha is a Hindu monastic institution, whose official history states that it was founded by Adi Sankara of Kaladi, tracing its history back to the 5th century BCE. Seit 1985 gehören die Baudenkmäler von Mamallapuram zum UNESCO-Weltkulturerbe.[9]. It has the Mahasamadhi of Upanishad Brahmayogin, a saint who wrote commentaries on all the major upanishads in Hinduism. [11] During the British rule, the city was known as Conjeevaram[1] and later as Kanchipuram. It offers UG and PG courses in various subjects.It is the only Govt aided institute in Kanchipuram Taluk. [73] The city had a total of 41807 households. [13], Tiru Parameswara Vinnagaram is the birthplace of the azhwar saint, Poigai Alwar. [13] In 1486, Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, the governor of the Kanchipuram region, overthrew the Sangama Dynasty of Vijayanagar and founded the Saluva Dynasty. [20][21] The Pallavas fortified the city with ramparts, wide moats, well-laid-out roads, and artistic temples. Karur | [58] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 51 members, each representing one ward. [106] Some notable Buddhists associated with Kanchipuram are Āryadeva (2nd–3rd centuries) – a successor of Nāgārjuna of Nalanda University, Dignaga and the Pali commentators Buddhaghosa and Dhammapala. During the Chola era, Kanchipuram was not the capital, but the kings had a palace in the city and a lot of development was extended eastwards. Kanchipuram was known in early Tamil literature as Kanchi or Kachipedu. Der heutige Distrikt Kanchipuram war das Kernland des Pallava-Reiches, das vom 3. bis 9. [74][69] About 8,00,000 (800,000) pilgrims visit the city every year as of 2001. [80] Another important occupation is tourism and service related segments like hotels, restaurants and local transportation. [13] The district was split into two in 1997 and Kanchipuram made the capital of the newly created Kanchipuram district. [32][33] Inscriptions indicate the presence of a powerful Hoysala garrison in Kanchipuram, which remained in the city until about 1230. [11] Patanjali (150 BCE or 2nd century BCE) refers to the city in his Mahabhasya as Kanchipuraka. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 12. Jahrhundert stammende Vaikuntha-Perumal-Tempel. The temple is maintained by Tamil Nadu archaeological department. [126] The central shrine has a three-tier shrine, one over the other, with Vishnu depicted in each of them. It is the administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram District. [13] Throughout the second half of the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, the Aravidu Dynasty tried to maintain a semblance of authority in the southern parts after losing their northern territories in the Battle of Talikota. For its namesake district, see. [88] Local bus services are provided by The Villupuram division of Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation. [101] The city has two medical colleges – Arignar Anna Memorial Cancer Institute and Hospital, established in 1969, is operated by the Department of Health, Government of Tamil Nadu [102] and the privately owned Meenakshi Medical College. Kancheepuram district is situated on the northern East Coast of Tamil Nadu and is adjacent by Bay of Bengal and Chennai city and is bounded in the west by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai district, in the north by Thiruvallur district and Chennai district, in the south by Villuppuram district in the east by Bay of Bangal. [50], The Kanchipuram municipality was officially constituted in 1866,[21] covering 7.68 km2 (2.97 sq mi), and its affairs were administered by a municipal committee. [12][13], While it is widely accepted that Kanchipuram had served as an Early Chola capital,[14][15] the claim has been contested by Indian historian P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar who wrote that the Tamil culture of the Sangam period did not spread through the Kanchipuram district and cites the Sanskritic origins of its name in support of his claim. [17][dead link] The city was regarded as the Banaras of the South. [93] Electricity supply is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Diesen hatten die Briten 1788 eingerichtet, nachdem sie die Herrschaft von den Nawabs von Arcot übernommen und das Gebiet in die Provinz Madras eingegliedert hatten. [2] It is the administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram District. [107] The Pallava kings, Simhavishnu, Mahendra Varman and Simhavarman (550–560) followed Jainism, until the advent of Nayanmars and Azhwars during the 6th and 7th centuries. [44] Kanchipuram is subdivided into two divisions –, Most of the Shiva temples lie in Big Kanchi while most of the Vishnu temples lie in Little Kanchi. Kanchipuram District Pin Code List. [66] The force's special units include prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and special branch that operate at the district level police division, which is headed by a Superintendent of Police.[66]. [31] In about 1218, the Pandya king Maravarman Sundara Pandyan (1216–1238) invaded the Chola country, making deep inroads into the kingdom which was saved by the intervention of the Hoysala king Vira Narasimha II (1220–1235), who fought on the side of the Chola king Kulothunga Chola III. [13] The Golconda Sultanate gained control of the city in 1672, but lost it to Bijapur three years later. [35] The city remained with the Pandyas until 1311 when the Sambuvarayars declared independence, taking advantage of the anarchy caused by Malik Kafur's invasion. [71] The British census of 1901 recorded that Kanchipuram had a population of 46,164, consisting of 44,684 Hindus, 1,313 Muslims, 49 Christians and 118 Jains. [16] The city is believed to have been part of the mythical Dravida Kingdom of the Mahabharata [16] and was described as "the best among cities" (Sanskrit: Nagareshu Kanchi) by the 4th-century Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa. Ein Teil der Muslime, 1,1 Prozent der Gesamtbevölkerung des Distrikts, spricht Urdu. [60] The current member of the legislative assembly is V. Somasundaram from the AIADMK party. [40]The land around Kanchipuram is flat and slopes towards the south[40] and east.