Benthos: Benthos are the marine organisms that live near, in, or on the seabed. Biotechnology: Biotechnology is a technology, which uses biology, agriculture, food science, and medicine for research and development in the field of pharmacy. Neap Tide: A neap tide is a tide that occurs in the first and third quarters of the moon, caused when the difference between the high tide and the low tide is the least. Ecosystem: It refers to the ecological community and its environment, functioning as one whole unit. It may be a pile of rocks or any granular pile. Yardang: In geography, yardang refers to a keel-shaped crest or ridge of rock. act in which earth is worn away, often by water, wind, or ice. Drainage Basin: It is an area which is drained by a system of rivers and its tributaries. Tidal Energy: The energy obtained from harnessing tidal motions of water is called tidal energy. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 21. Bay: As per geography definitions, a bay is a water body that surrounds a crescent-shaped coast line or a piece of land. Beach: A beach refers to accumulation of sand and shingles along a water body due to sedimentation. Emergent Plants: Emergent plants are those plants which are rooted in shallow waters and have their growth above the water level. In this process the bed load gets eroded by itself, by breaking up into smaller fragments. Destructive Wave: It is a powerful wave, which washes away beach material, because of stronger backwash than its swash. Thermosphere: Thermosphere is the outermost surface of the atmosphere, that lies above the mesosphere, and below the exosphere. in different countries. The very little precipitation in these areas is due to the winds losing their moisture, before they can reach this area. Biosphere: Biosphere is the sum total of the ecosystems present in the world. Mining: Mining is simply extracting minerals from the crust of the earth for solely industrial objectives. Hence a younger dryas refers to a dryas that is younger in age. Commercial Farming: Commercial farming in geographical terminology, means farming for making profits through market sale. Acculturation: A change or a modification in a culture due to adoption of new principles, customs, trends, and traits is known as acculturation. An example of chemical weathering is acid rain. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Melissa McDaniel There are commonly known as ecosystems. Entrainment: It means to pull or draw along in a current. Atmosphere: Atmosphere is a very popular geography term. The use of organic materials makes biofuel different from fossil fuels. It is approximately 100 km thick. Degradation: It is defined as the gradual wearing down of banks, rocks etc, which is caused by water and frost. The term originated in the USSR, but due to its inefficiency, it died out after World War 2. which shed their leaves annually. Morphology: It is the study of various landforms and the different processes which result in creation of those particular geographical landforms. : a lateral move. Cataract: As a geography term, cataract means a huge waterfall that descends from a great height. Matt Rosenberg. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. Renewable Resources: Any natural resource that is naturally restorative at a rate that is more than the rate of human consumption of that resource is called a renewable resource. Fissure also refers to the process of splitting up. Knickpoint: It is the point of merger of the old profile with the new profile in a rejuvenating river. It is a point where the sea meets the land. Windward: In simple words, the term windward refers to ‘towards the wind’. Albedo: The amount of sun’s rays that is reflected by an earthly body is called albedo. These soils are very weathered, and are generally found in the tropical regions. Global Warming: The gradual increase in the Earth’s temperature, due to entrapment of greenhouse gases is known as global warming. More on causes of climate change. As the glacier is stationary or moves at a very low speed, erosion is very less. Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (DALR): The rate at which atmospheric variable decreases with height is known as the dry adiabatic lapse rate. Cold Desert: Cold and arid zones in high latitudes due to lack of precipitation or locking of water as ice are known as cold deserts. The S-wave is also known as the secondary wave or the shear wave. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Instead, compost, green manure, and environmental friendly methods like crop rotation and mechanical cultivation are used for organic food production. Fossil Fuel: Fuel which is extracted from the bowels of the Earth is called fossil fuel. Geothermal: Geothermal refers to the heat that originates from the Earth. Pressure Melting Point: As per geography terms, pressure melting point is the temperature at which ice melts when pressure is applied to it. Many a time, these geography terms are misunderstood. Tsunami: A tsunami is a huge ocean wave that occurs due to an underwater volcanic eruption or earthquake. Bankfull Discharge: It is the maximum discharge made by a river without flooding. the fall of rocks, soil, and other materials from a mountain, hill, or slope. Geographic Information System (GIS): A geographic information system (GIS), or geographical information system captures, stores, analyzes, manages, and presents data of a particular location. It is done by gathering relevant demographic data. Development Model: Development model is a theory which explains how and why development occurs. It is called Mistral in French. Some landslides move at many meters per second, while others creep along at an centimeter or two a year. Meander: It is a very pronounced and prominently looping bend in a river. (1989, 1993). Basic Volcano: When hot lava having low viscosity erupts from the vent, and cools down to form a shallow conical mountain surface, is called basic volcano. More on what causes monsoons. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. a small drift off to the side of a principal one. Savanna: Savanna is a term used to describe tropical grassland areas having scattered vegetation, comprising densely spaced trees and bushes. This process is regulated by the plant on the basis of its water requirement, climate, and the process also affects the growth and wilting of the plant. Can you take flexeril and diclofenac together? Marram Grass: This a type of grass, which thrives in dry and sandy environment. Pacific Rim: The far eastern countries located at the margin of the Pacific ocean which includes Australia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan form the Pacific rim. It consists of dense evergreen shrubs, like juniper and myrtle. Overgrazing: The overfeeding of animals on vegetation cover that leads to the damage of the land, is known as overgrazing. Transpiration: The process by which moisture leaves the plants and gets released into the atmosphere, through small openings in the leaves, known as stomata is transpiration. Rainshadow: An area having very little precipitation, due to the blockage of winds by barriers like mountains or hills is known as a rainshadow. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. Landslide Material. Floodplain: A floodplain is an area located next to the river. Contour Interval: Contour interval is the difference in heights of land surfaces between contour lines. It is caused due to friction and cohesion. They are Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Dune: A ridge made by wind-blown sand in arid or coastal areas. Geologic Time: The time which refers to the formation and development of the Earth is known as geologic time. Longitude: These are the imaginary vertical lines running along the eastern and western hemisphere of the Earth, which are used to measure the distance, location, and time. Absolute Location: An absolute location of a place is defined by its longitude and latitude on the earth’s surface. Continuous Permafrost: Continuous permafrost is permanently frozen land in the Polar regions, which remains in the same state all through the year. Glacial Diversion: A shift in the periglacial stream due to a glacial action is known as glacial diversion. Island Arc: An arc-shaped chain formed by undersea volcanic mountains is known as island arc. Mesa: A hill having a flat surface at the top, but which rises prominently around the surrounding landscape is called a Mesa. You cannot download interactives. A pyroclastic flow is a dense, fast-moving flow of solidified lava pieces, volcanic ash, and hot gases. Desire Line: Desire line connects the movement of people by tracking their origin with their destination on a map. Aquifer: Aquifer is a water reserve in the Earth’s belly. However, in geography, the term yield refers to give forth or produce by a natural process or in return for cultivation. Because of a giant asteroid impact billions of years ago, the smooth northern hemisphere of Mars is sharply separated from the irregular southern highlands. Reason #6: You want to build your network within the company. Pacific Ring of Fire: The Pacific ring of fire is a zone of volcanic and seismic activity located on the Pacific Rim, and falls roughly on the borders of the Pacific Ocean. Island: A body of land surrounded by water in all sides is known as an island in simple geographical terms. Mor: A partially decomposed humus layer having high level of acids and devoid of nutrients is called mor. Learn more on how are mountains formed. Katabatic: A downward flow of cold wind is known as katabatic wind in geography. Sea-wave: In geographical terms, waves that indicate a horizontal energy movement, but a vertical movement of water are known as sea-waves. Lahar: In geography terminology, lahar is the mudflow associated with a volcanic activity. Catastrophism: Catastrophism is a belief that the world emerges from a sudden catastrophic event as opposed to a slow and gradual process. Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook." Weather: In simple words, weather refers to the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc. A landslide is the movement of rock, earth, or debris down a sloped section of land. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Nutrient Cycle: The circulation of nutrients in the pathways of an ecosystem that includes their use, transformation, release, and storage by plants is known as the nutrient cycle, in geographical terms. Nunatak: An isolated mountain or hill which projects through glacial ice and is surrounded by ice sheets is called nunatak. Heat Island: An area which is comparatively hotter due to heat retention by concrete buildings is known as heat island. In a gas distribution or transmission system, a pipe branching away from the central, primary part of the system. Salt Lake: A salt lake is a type of inland lake that has a higher concentration of salts (mainly sodium chloride), as compared to other lakes. Humus: The topmost layer of the soil which is black and brown in color is called humus.