Another way in which modal auxiliaries differ from lexical verbs is that their past tense forms usually don’t show past time. (ability), 2) The horse is old, but it ________ still run for miles. 15) If I ______ be a police officer, I will fight the criminals. Fill In The Blanks/MCQ Exercises/Worksheet/Activities On Modal Auxiliary Verbs With Answers: Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct Modal Auxiliary Verbs from the choices given below ever question. Meenu Pandey has done master's in English literature and bachelor degree in education (B.Ed). (Past Tense), They might have sacked you, had they not considered your good conduct. Note-, Auxiliary Verb ‘shall’ is used to offer, when the speaker is assured of an affirmative reply. Modal Auxiliary Verb ‘will’ is used to express future possibilities, beliefs, plans, offers or promises. (moral obligation), 32) He __________ behaved properly with the teachers. 1) My father ________ still walk for miles. Aside from modal remoteness, the other function that modal past tenses perform is backshifting, or as it’s sometimes known, sequence of tenses. (Past Tense), She might have called you, had you not been out of town. For Ex-, ‘Would’ can also be used to talk about the result or outcome of a situation, action or event. It means they’re missing some forms. If they agree, he might get the promotion. The above sentences express that a particular event is impossible or is not expected under normal circumstances. (expectation), 20) He ________ also bring his pet with him. Below given are some examples of using ‘ought’-, ‘Ought’ can also be used to express past as shown in the statements below-. (unsure), 23) He _________ appear in the function. Another consists of forms of have: have, has, had and having. (could be anytime in future). (Urgency), 29) We _______ to visit our parents. We shall stay for few more days. Copyright © 2020 Macmillan Holdings, LLC. Instead of showing past time, past-tense modals typically perform one of two other functions. In the sentence Squiggly is running a marathon, the verb is is a helping verb, but in the sentence Squiggly is Aardvark’s second-best friend, it’s a linking verb. In this lesson we are going to see the meaning, types, rules, usage, and examples of modals in English. (Past Tense), It might have hurt you, had you not been careful. Modal auxiliary verbs, also known as helping verbs, follow a different set of rules from regular verbs, and people use them differently in different parts of the country. He might have lost everything, had his friends didn’t helped him. when I was a kid), You couldn’t ride in night few decades back. The following are the frequently used Modal Auxiliary Verbs in English-. Can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must and ought. (Past Tense), They must refrain from illegal activities. (future improbability), There may not be a power cut today. Nonfinite Verb I didn’t, until I started taking an interest in grammar. (In case you’re wondering why the forms doing and done aren’t in the list, you can consider those helping verbs, too, if you like. (Speaking of the past i.e. If Aardvark tells Squiggly, “You’re my second-best friend,” and Squiggly tells Fenster about it later, he might say, “Aardvark said I was his second-best friend,” using was just to match the past tense said. All the uses of ‘shall’ have been described below with examples. (past), He couldn’t have scolded you for that. Even if you wouldn’t say these sentences yourself, you can tell that they mean the same thing as “We might be able to help you,” and “Maybe you should apologize to him.” But in Standard English, even though other helping verbs can follow a modal, modals themselves can’t. She also have an adorable skills of adaptability and research proficiency which makes her work more impactful, eye catching and informative. Modal Auxiliary Verb ‘will’ is used to express an event that is possible in the near or far future or is believed to appear. He told me that he would come for the meeting. according to the Yale Grammatical Diversity Project. Similarly, the Negative form of ‘will’ can be used to express the Non possibility of an event or the disbelief, as shown in the examples below-, ‘Will not’ can also be expressed as ‘won’t’ which is its short form, as given below-, ‘Will’ can also be used to make offers or promises, but in that case it must follow a noun or noun form like he will, she will, I will etc. (weak possibility), 25) You _______ go to the doctor. It’s called the double modal, or multiple modal, and appears in sentences such as We might could help you and You might should apologize to him. For Ex-, Auxiliary Verb ‘shall’ is used to express an offer, suggestion, expectation or to give advice. If you’re a native English speaker, you may have a gut feeling that it’s more polite to ask someone, “Could you do me a favor?” than “Can you do me a favor?” It sounds a little less pushy. (You can learn more about linking verbs in the old “good vs. well” episode.) (past ability), 8) While in his childhood, Rocky ______ climb a tree. (at this moment), The species of tiger will extinct from the planet. Auxiliary Verb ‘ought’ is used to express a duty or an obligation and is always followed by ‘to’. We will go through them in details as given below-, ‘Would’ when used as the Past Tense of ‘will’, expresses the past events with a future possibility or simply express a past event like in the below sentences-, ‘Would’ can be used to express hypothetical situations; that is, situations those are unreal and unlikely to appear. The above sentences indicate urgency for the action to be performed immediately. Auxiliary Verb (request politely). (future time not specified), She will marry you soon. English has only a few helping verbs, and we can divide them into four groups. (necessity), We must report the incident to police. Note- ‘May’ expresses an almost true possibility while ‘might’ expresses a remote possibility. (suggestion). (Mild persuasion), 31) You ________ respect elders. (past inability), 9) The package ________ be delivered by now. (mild persuasion), 30) He ________ behave politely. Finite Verb See episode 320 for more about the overall strangeness of the verb do. The fourth group, you may have guessed, consists of the modal auxiliaries, but before we talk about them, I should note that be, do, and have aren’t always helping verbs. Please note that ‘can’ only expresses a possibility but not certainty. All the above sentences express the nature of the outcome, if a particular action is taken. She is a content writer for many years, evolves with ever-changing tide, have an excellent communication skills and have a good taste of common people. Finally, let’s talk about that use of modals that, according to the Yale Grammatical Diversity Project, is associated with Southern American English, as well as a few other varieties. If you’ve listened to this podcast for a while, you’ve probably heard me talk about auxiliary verbs, which also go by the less-fancy name of helping verbs. Stative Verb The most distinct feature of ‘might’ is that it is the Past Tense of ‘may’. Of all the modal past tenses, the only one that’s used very much to refer to past time is could, as in When I was in high school, I could bench-press 300 pounds. (urgency). (hypothetical), 16) We ________ inform the principal. The project shouldn’t be finished on time. It is used to express the events or the things of past that were willingly performed and are also used to express the unreal possibilities. (Negative suggestion), 18) ________ we eat now?