An intentional community is a planned residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of social cohesion and teamwork. Cohousing is a type of communal living where certain spaces (e.g. Often prospective community members are interviewed by a selection committee of the community or in some cases by everyone in the community. Drop City, established in rural Colorado in 1965, was one of the most prominent of these intentional communities; others were Virginia’s Twin Oaks and Denmark’s Freetown Christiania. [citation needed] Typically, intentional communities have a selection process which starts with someone interested in the community coming for a visit. We provide this as a free service online, and as a printed volume for sale. [4], Many communities have different types or levels of membership. It seems sensible to define the subject before I proceed. Some new arrivals must be “sponsored” by one or more existing community members; others must complete a probationary period before being fully accepted. [citation needed], Christian intentional communities are usually composed of those wanting to emulate the practices of the earliest believers. Intentional communities include collective households, cohousing communities, coliving, ecovillages, monasteries, communes, survivalist retreats, kibbutzim, ashrams, and housing cooperatives. Members of intentional communities take pains to distinguish themselves from communes, popular counterculture living … The term "intentional community" means a group of individuals sharing responsibilities and resources. For directories, see external links below. Intentional communities include collective households, co-housing communities, co-living, ecovillages, monasteries, communes, survivalist retreats, kibbutzim, ashrams, and housing cooperatives. An intentional community is a planned residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of social cohesion and teamwork. [citation needed], Some communities are secular while others have a spiritual basis. [2] Typically, there is a focus on egalitarian values. The broad term encompasses a wide variety of community structures based on faith, environmentalism, art, health, politics or a particular type of housing. These communities are often in the western United States, where rural land is widely available and neighboring communities are sometimes more tolerant of alternate lifestyles. Intentional communities have existed for hundreds of years, although the term itself was coined in 1953. Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. Ecovillage — a particular type of intentional community, Category:Types of communities, Category:Utopian movements, Category:Human geography As there are similarities between these types of intentional communities these notes may be helpful. In many communities, the voting privileges or community benefits for provisional members are less than those for full members. In fact, Christian, Buddhist, and other kinds of monasteries are intentional communities that have existed for centuries. [citation needed], Some communities provide services to disadvantaged populations. gardens, living rooms, laundry rooms etc.) Drop City dissolved in the 1970s; Twin Oaks and Christiania were still going strong as of 2010. During the 1960s, many members of the counterculture in America and elsewhere formed communities with others who shared their religious, political or lifestyle beliefs. [6] Communities such as the Simple Way, the Bruderhof[7] and Rutba House would fall into this category. [9], The most common form of governance in intentional communities is democratic (64 percent), with decisions made by some form of consensus decision-making or voting. 2005. Many intentional communities were formed with the intent of creating alternatives to the urban and suburban developments of mainstream culture.