). These categories can be qualitative or quantitative values. quantitative researchers is called experiential realism. Quantitative approaches to conducting educational research differ in numerous ways from the qualitative methods we discussed in Chapter 6. Experiential realism claims, as do anti-positivist positions, that we cannot observe the world in a purely objective way, as our perception itself influences what we see and measure. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approach (2nd ed. DESIGN 4 The following definition, taken from Aliaga and Gunderson (2002), describes what we mean by quantitative research methods very well: Quantitative research is ‘Explaining phenomena by collecting numeri- quantitative methods are difficult. 3 2 Descriptive Statistics Descriptive statistics are often used to describe variables. In contrast to subjectivist positions, however, experiential realists You will learn about these characteristics, the quantitative research process, and the specifics of several different approaches to conducting quantitative research. APPROACH 3 The approach is the first step to creating structure to the design, and it details (a) a theoretical model of how the data will be collected, and (b) if one case, one group, or multiple groups will be associated with the process (e.g., a quantitative method 1, experimental research 2 with a between-subjects approach 3). 7. Apart from the last, all these thoughts capture some of the essence of quantitative methods. Descriptive statis-tics are performed by analyzing one variable at a time (univariate analysis). 108. two (and only two) categories. Quantitative and Qualitative Research Learning Objectives for Chapter 4 Upon completion of this chapter, the reader should be able to: d Understand the differences between quantitative and qualitative research, including: d the differing assumptions underlying the two approaches; d the methods typical of each approach…