,   Sanskrit संस्कृतम् In the pair like tertiary or receptacular branches, flask-shaped conceptacles are embedded. As such, the entire plant body is a single multinucleate cell with a central vacuole and lining cytoplasm with numerous discoid chloroplasts (Fig 2.27). Oedogonium 24. Also called Rhodophyta, it is a distinctive species found in marine as well as freshwater ecosystems. Best English to Tamil dictionary with perfect meanings and suggestions available in this website. Asexual reproduction is by tetraspores produced in tetrasporangia. Thallus is un-branched, filamentous, but showing false branching. Thallus is yellowish green in colour. The lowest node develops some multicellular rhizoids. For more information about algae, its types and characteristics of algae, or any other concepts in biology, explore BYJU’S Biology. ,   Malayalam മലയാളം Filament showing true branching, mostly with heterocyst’s. Many commercial products are obtained from algae such as align, etc. The Marathi vocabulary is the backbone for learning. The antheridia are biscuit-shaped with two antherozoids in each. Each filament shows distinct basal and apical regions. From an economical perspective, algae are very useful for creating biomass or fertilizers as they grow very fast. Spirogyra is a filamentous algae, commonly found in freshwater ditches and ponds. In mature cell, cytoplasmic strands traverse the large central vacuole. Share Your PDF File Presence of distinct conjugation by iso-gametangial fusion. Reply Delete.   |  Instagram The cell contains the following parts (characteristics not visible under ordinary microscope have also been included). They are juxtaposed, the globule being directed upwards and a pair of nucleus downwards. Asexual reproduction occurs by zoospores. Sexual reproduction is isogamous and occurs by conjugation between two gametes lying in two opposing filaments by means of a conjugation tube. Sexual reproduction is oogamous. Thallus green, chloroplast always with pyrenoids, presence of cellulose cell wall. Fresh plants exhibit oscillating movement. Plants leathery, dichotomously branched, differentiated into holdfast, slips and blade, sex organs developed within conceptacles. Plant body is highly developed and heterotrichous which is differentiated into 4 zones. These organisms do not share a common ancestor and hence, are not related to each other (polyphyletic).”. Ulothrix 18. Other pigments that provide green colouration (such as chlorophyll a) are present. The filaments often show false branching which originate laterally. The pigments phycocyanin and phycoerythrin are responsible for the characteristic red colouration of the algae. Plant body with air bladders, recepta­cles – lie on terminal parts of the thalli, sexual reproduction, oogamous, oogonium with a few eggs. The Andros pores germinate on the suffultory cells or on the oogonia and produce dwarf male filaments. Sex organs develop from nodes in pairs in a definite sequence, i.e. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Algal bloom is the rapid increase in the algal population in a water body such as rivers or lakes. Algae are primarily classified into the following types: Algae are neither bacteria nor plant. Thallus is unicellular and colonial. Species may be homothallic or heterothallic. Also called cyanobacteria, these organisms live in moist or aquatic environments just like other algae. Presence of gelatinous material in the thallus, cells contain choloroplasts with pyrenoids, presence of characteristic post-zygotic structure called cystocarp. Filaments loosely entangled, lateral branches clearly seen, cells of main filament short, barrel-shaped, cylindrical; heterocyst’s intercalary and cylindrical. However, the advancement of this language in the technology like the Websites, Whats app, Facebook and Twitter has changed the dynamics of the tamil writing tremendously. They are not contorted. Prominent examples of green algae include Spirogyra, Ulothrix, Volvox, etc. It is situated just above the rounded basal heterocyst. Each cell contains a barrel-shaped chloroplast having toothed edges forming a girdle in the equatorial region. The number of oogonia in a sorus may be up to 10. antheridium) and nucule (i.e., oogonium). The cytoplasm also contains many oil globules. They become attached to surfaces by a modified holdfast cell. through the thallus, there are three distinct layers – outer cuticularised limiting layer, middle cortical layer and innermost medullary layer. The plant body has the appearance of a miniature horsetail. The vegetative cell is spherical to ellipsoidal or pear-shaped. Plant body unicellular, each cell possessing two lobed or stellate or star-shaped chloroplasts. It is mostly formed on prostrate branches. They occur in clusters along with paraphyses. Filament branched irregularly and curved at places. The plant body is thallus, they may be filamentous, colonial, branched or unbranched. Morphology of Coleochaete (With Diagram) | Algae, Algae: Somatic Structure of Algae (6 Types). What are the different sources of air pollution? The symmetrical frustules have valves that are inflated in the middle or somewhat straight parallel sides and with rounded poles. ,   Bodo बड़ो The filament consists of a single row of cells, differentiated into base and apex. Sex organs, i.e. The basal cell is modified into holdfast for attachment with the substratum. But No worries, Tamil typing online is easy now (without downloading Tamil fonts from anywhere). The swollen tips of the thalli bear conceptacles containing sex organs. It is developed in clusters at the ends of the projecting branches. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Sexual reproduction is oogamous. Cells contain conspicuous discoid chromatophores. It is cylindrical to roundish in shape (Fig 2.10). Each colony contains a number of trichomes embedded within a matrix (common sheath) forming little balls-Nostoc balls. Nuclear body is not visible under ordinary resolution. We start with commonly used numbers. 2.35). The form and size of algae is highly variable. It is formed from the upper part of the trichome. A mature globule is large, stalked, spherical in structure and bright yellow to red in colour. "Karavila" in Sri Lankan(Sinhalese). Reticulate - Oedogonium. The thallus has an erect main axis differentiated into a regular succession of nodes and internodes with whorls of lateral branches of limited growth, often termed as ‘leaves’, arising from the nodes. Each colony is exceedingly firm in consistency and contains numerous radiating filaments with repeated false branching in which, each branch terminates into a multicellular colourless hair. The younger parts of the filament are uniseriate with discoid cells and the mature parts are with an axial row of cells which become greatly enlarged being barrel-shaped and surrounded by one or more layers of cortical cells. Each and every tamizh knowing people will be happy to see Tamizh or Tamil typing letters anywhere in the world. Sporangial clusters or sori are more or less hemispherical to oblong in shape and consist of 15-25 or more microsporangia.   |Updated: (d) A secondary projecting system being composed of a lull of slightly elongated branches with longer cells. Sexual reproduction is iso-or anisogamous. Branches arise just beneath a septum resulting in the appearance of dichotomy. Cells of the thallus are uninucleate containing numerous spherical chromatophores which are densely aggregated towards the cell wall. It is intercalary or terminal or even basal in position. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Plant body coenocytic, branched, filamentous and differentiated into rhizoidal, stoloniferous and erect portions. Plant body thalloid, thallus ribbon shaped and branched, presence and antheridium and oogonium as sex organs. Plants branched, filamentous, filament uniseriate, cells thick-walled with multinucleate vacuolated cytoplasm and pyrenoid containing reticulate chloroplasts. What is the reserve food material in red algae? Examples include green algae, red algae and brown algae. Learn Marathi by Kaushik Lele September 2, 2020 at 9:07 PM.