Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Internet Archive: Quotes. As a baby, Lenin had a head so large that he often fell over. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Владимир Ильич Ленин) is an epic poem by Vladimir Mayakovsky written in 1923-1924. Most of Lenin’s seven brothers and sisters died young, two in infancy. One bullet lodged in his collarbone after puncturing his lung. First, his father was threatened shortly before his untimely death with premature retirement by a reactionary government that had grown fearful of the spread of public education. For more than a year before his death, the Communist Party and the Soviet government had soldiered on without him. Vladimir Lenin died on January 21, 1924, in Gorki, Russia. Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov was born in Simbirsk, which was renamed Ulyanovsk in his honour. In the two years before he died, Lenin had three debilitating strokes. Updates? The clues lie in Lenin’s family history, Dr. Vinters said. He was under intense stress, of course, which led to insomnia, migraines and abdominal pain. The task that the Soviet government must set the people in all its scope is - learn to work. First fragments of it appeared in October 1924 in numerous Soviet newspapers, then, as a separate edition it came out in February 1925 via Leningrad's Gosizdat. Enjoy the best Vladimir Lenin Quotes at BrainyQuote. BALTIMORE — The patient founded a totalitarian state known for its “merciless terror,” Dr. Victoria Giffi told a rapt audience of doctors and medical students on Friday afternoon. Vladimir Lenin was born in Simbirsk, Russia. Lenin, intellectually gifted, physically strong, and reared in a warm, loving home, early displayed a voracious passion for learning. Moreover, Lenin’s high school principal (the father of Aleksandr Kerensky, who was later to lead the Provisional government deposed by Lenin’s Bolsheviks in November [October, O.S.] He did not have untreated high blood pressure — had that been his problem, the left side of his heart would have been enlarged. Although toxicology studies were done on others in Russia, there was an order that no toxicology be done on Lenin’s tissues. The slogan “Lenin lived, Lenin lives, Lenin will live” typified the discourse of revolutionary immortality. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Another got caught in the base of his neck. One of the last photographs of a frail Lenin, taken in 1923. https://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/leaders/vladimir-lenin By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To mark the occasion, we are republishing this article which was originally written to commemorate the Lenin centenary in 1970. It is difficult to identify any particular events in his childhood that might prefigure his turn onto the path of a professional revolutionary. “Yes,” Dr. Vinters said. Dr. Vinters began by telling the audience some details of Lenin’s medical and family history. Thus, Stalin promoted “socialism in one country” as consistent with Lenin’s outlook, contrasting it with Trotsky’s pre-revolutionary theory of “permanent revolution.” For his part, Trotsky sought to prove his loyalty to Lenin as well as his own historic role as leader of the October Revolution. Lenin Corners, analogous to the icon corners of Orthodoxy, became a fixture of nearly every Soviet institution, and Lenin’s name graced thousands of collective and state farms, libraries, newspapers, streets and cities. The cause of death was said to be cerebral hemorrhage, but Lenin’s father had an illness at the time of his death that may have been typhoid fever. When he was 16, nothing in Lenin indicated a future rebel, still less a professional revolutionary—except, perhaps, his turn to atheism. Lenin studied law at Kazan University but was expelled after just three months. Vladimir Lenin (in the early 1920s): "First we will take Eastern Europe, then the masses of Asia. “Poe was a hopeless alcoholic,” Dr. Mackowiak said in a telephone interview. (He adopted the pseudonym Lenin in 1901 during his clandestine party work after exile in Siberia.) The mausoleum, designed by A. V. Shchusev as a cube-like structure of gleaming red granite, was built on Red Square abutting onto the Kremlin wall. The note said: “On Saturday, March 17th in the strictest secrecy Comrade Krupskaya told me of ‘Vladimir Ilyich’s request to Stalin,’ namely that I, Stalin, should take the responsibility for finding and administering to Lenin a dose of potassium cyanide. He was arrested and banished from Kazan to his grandfather’s estate in the village of Kokushkino, where his older sister Anna had already been ordered by the police to reside. He did not smoke and would not tolerate smoking in his presence. The occasion was a so-called clinicopathological conference, a mainstay of medical schools in which a mysterious medical case is presented to an audience of doctors and medical students. He wrote to Alexei Maximovich Gorky, “I am so tired, I do not want to do anything at all.”. Krupskaya served as Lenin’s personal secretary and played a key organizational role in the socialist revolutionary group that became the Russian Communist Party. This was not an uncommon phenomenon in tsarist Russia, where even the highly educated and cultured intelligentsia were denied elementary civil and political rights. His mother was the daughter of a physician, while his father, though the son of a serf, became a schoolteacher and rose to the position of inspector of schools. Vladimir Lenin, also called Vladimir Ilich Lenin, original name Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov, (born April 10 [April 22, New Style], 1870, Simbirsk, Russia—died January 21, 1924, Gorki [later Gorki Leninskiye], near Moscow), founder of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), inspirer and leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), and the architect, builder, and first head (1917–24) of the Soviet state. Second, in 1887 his beloved eldest brother, Aleksandr, a student at the University of St. Petersburg (later renamed Leningrad State University), was hanged for conspiring with a revolutionary terrorist group that plotted to assassinate Emperor Alexander III. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In autumn 1887 Lenin enrolled in the faculty of law of the imperial Kazan University (later renamed Kazan [V.I. We will not need to fight. But Lenin did not have some of the traditional risk factors for strokes. He had been treated anyway with injections of a solution containing arsenic, the prevailing syphilis remedy. In the autumn of 1888, the authorities permitted him to return to Kazan but denied him readmission to the university. Each, in effect, invented his own Lenin to suit his purposes. Lenin's embalmed body is displayed in Moscow's Red Square. He distinguished himself in Latin and Greek and seemed destined for the life of a classical scholar. He was the founder of the organization known as Comintern (Communist International) and the posthumous source of “Leninism,” the doctrine codified and conjoined with Karl Marx’s works by Lenin’s successors to form Marxism-Leninism, which became the Communist worldview. He graduated from high school ranking first in his class. But, despite the comfortable circumstances of their upbringing, all five of the Ulyanov children who reached maturity joined the revolutionary movement. He became a Marxist in January 1889. Dr. Vinters speculates that the last term referred to meningovascular syphilis, inflammation of the walls of blood vessels mainly around the brain, resulting in a thickening of the interior of the vessel. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Dr. Philip A. Mackowiak, vice chairman of the university’s school of medicine and organizer of these conferences, said he later did a much more comprehensive review of Poe’s medical records and concluded that Poe’s doctor had embellished Poe’s medical history. The patient was long dead — he was, in fact, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The questions posed to the conference speakers: Why did he have a fatal stroke at such a young age? Omissions? Inspired by both genuine reverence and a political desire to mobilize the masses around a potent symbol, the Politbiuro decided — against Lenin’s own wishes and those of his family — to embalm his body and place it in a sarcophagus inside a mausoleum for public viewing. Emeritus Professor of History, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb. The three siblings who survived beyond their 20s had evidence of cardiovascular disease, and Lenin’s father died of a disease that was described as being very much like Lenin’s. The Soviet leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin on his death bed, in an undated photo. He drank only occasionally and exercised regularly. “He complained that he couldn’t sleep and that he had terrible headaches. The most likely perpetrator? He did not have symptoms of a brain infection, nor did he have a brain tumor. Dr. Vinters believes that sky-high cholesterol leading to a stroke was the main cause of Lenin’s death. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In the end, a pathologist solves the mystery with a diagnosis. He used to bang his head on the floor, making his mother worry that he might be mentally disabled. As founder of the All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and leader of the Bolshevik coup d'état (1917), Vladimir Lenin created the Soviet Union. The cause of death: a massive stroke. Lenin’s father died early, too, at 54. History would have been totally different.”, Lenin’s Stroke: Doctor Has a Theory (and a Suspect). During this period of enforced idleness, he met exiled revolutionaries of the older generation and avidly read revolutionary political literature, especially Marx’s Das Kapital. The death of Lenin followed a period of poor health, in the wake of an unsuccessful assassination attempt (August 1918) and several severe strokes in 1920-21. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Dr. Lurie concurred on Friday, telling the conference that poison was in his opinion the most likely immediate cause of Lenin’s death. The year 1999 marks the 75th anniversary of the death of the man who, together with Leon Trotsky, made a decisive contribution to the cause of socialism and the working class in this century, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. Little Octobrist badge with a portrait of a young Vladimir Ilich Lenin. It will fall as a ripe fruit into our hands." But there was no evidence of this on autopsy, and Lenin’s syphilis test was said to have been negative. ... Then, in his last hours and days of his life, Lenin experienced severe seizures. Now the question was what purposes could the deceased leader serve. But he nonetheless was planning a political attack on Stalin, Dr. Lurie said. If the Bolshevik Revolution is—as some people have called it—the most significant political event of the 20th century, then Lenin must for good or ill be regarded as the century’s most significant political leader. Communist Russia in the early 1920s, Dr. Lurie told the conference, was a place of “Mafia-like intrigue.”.