Thus, the small but powerful kingdom that Pushyavarman established grew in fits and starts over many generations of kings and expanded to include adjoining possibly smaller kingdoms and parts of Bangladesh covering most part of Eastern India, much larger area than modern Kamrup from which it initially begins. Records of his land-grants have been found at Bargaon and Sualkuchi, while a similar relic of Indra Pala, has been discovered at Guwahati. Western Assamese culture largely flourished in the reign of Pushyavarman (350-374), the founder of great Varman dynasty of Kamrup Kingdom which reached its zenith in the reign of Bhaskaravarman (600–650). The person responsible for the administration of a division is designated as a Divisional Commissioner. 1912 (Assam Province - British India), 15 August 1947, Kamakhya temple, Umananda (Peacock Island), Navagraha (temple of nine planets), Basistha Ashram, Dolgobinda. [18], This article is about the western Brahmaputra valley. District Area(Sq.km) 1. In scholary circles Western Assam was more frequently used to accurately define the region and differentiate it from Lower Assam Division. In 648 A.D after the death of Harshavardhana, Wang-Hiuen-ts'oe was sent on a mission to India with Tsiang Cheu-jenn as his second in command was helped by Bhaskaravarman, according to a Chinese account. Medieval Muslim invaders continue to refer the region as Kamrup. [13] The common popular term to designate the three festivals corresponding to Bihu of Eastern Assam, in Western Assam, except in West Goalpara, is "Domahi", e.g., "Baihagar Domahi", "Maghar Domahi" and "Katir Domahi".[14][15]. At the end of this visit, Bhaskaravarman accompanied Xuanzang to Kanauj, and participated in a religious assembly and a festival at Prayaga (Allahabad) with Harshavardhana, spending more than a year away from his own kingdom. It has considerable number of tribal population consisting Bodo, Rabha and Koch in the north, south and southwest. The alliance between Harshavardhana and Bhaskaravarman squeezed Shashanka from either side and reduced his kingdom, making Shasanka escaping to hills further south near modern Bengali-Orissan border. In about 643, Xuanzang (Xuanzang/Hiuen Tsang) visited Bhaskaravarman's court and recorded details of his kingdom. Mayabunder is situated in the Northern part of middle of Andaman and Nicobar Islands that is Middle Andamans. (, harv error: no target: CITEREFSharma1978 (, "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. Suprathisthitavarman's reign is given as 595–600, a very short period, at the end of which he died without an heir. In the southern part of Kamrup, where the festival is known as Sori, planting of tall bamboos is not seen, but bamboo posts,with the tuft at the top. Bhaskaravarman, also called Kumar, or Shri Kumar, was a bachelor king and died without an heir. It is located within 5 km from Ponda and 36 km from Panaji. [11], Durga Puja, Kali Puja and other Pujas; Diwali, Holi, Janmastami, Shivratri to name a few, are major festivals of the region. Brahma Pala (900–920), was founder Pala Dynasty (900–1100 A.D) of Kamarupa. However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Traditional utensils are made of bell metal though stainless steel is quite common in modern times. It seems Bhaskaravarman maintained relations with China. In scholary circles Western Assam was more frequently used to accurately define the region and differentiate it from Lower Assam Division. Find district map of Assam. Barpeta 1,693,190 3. For the administrative division, see, "The territories on the west of the river Dhansiri were to be divided into five districts: (1) North-east Rangpur of Goalpara; (2) six, "By 1836 the districts assumed names which became familiar in later years: Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang and Nagaon." Scholars believe Kamrupi culture had a distinctive mark in every sphere, whether it be science or literature. Baksa 953,773 2. These back and forth invasions were a result of a system of alliances that pitted the Kamarupa kings (allied to the Maukharis) against the Gaur kings (allied with the East Malwa kings). The state has a total of 33 administrative district… Daka, the great Kamrupi poet flourished undoubtedly during the ancient period. It was home to the kingdom of Kamarupa (3–12 AD), ruled by Varman's and Pala's from their capital's Pragjyotishpura (Guwahati) and Durjaya (North Gauhati). The food of Western Assam is homogenous to a certain extent with nearby eastern states of West Bengal and Bihar. Districts of Lower Assam Division - Informative & researched article on Districts of Lower Assam Division from Indianetzone, the largest free encyclopedia on India. Pala dynasty come to end with Jaya Pala (1075–1100).[10]. Susthitavarman died as the Gaur invasion was on, and his two sons, Supratisthitavarman and Bhaskaravarman fought against an elephant force and were captured and taken to Gaur. Easternmost parts of the region (modern Kamrup) briefly became parts of Koch kingdom, Mughal empire and Ahom kingdom,[7] until annexation of Eastern Assam by Burmese empire. Map showing all the districts of Assam with their respective location and boundaries. Assam comprises 33 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. Mustard seeds is generously used in cooking, while ginger, garlic, pepper, and onions are extensively used. Supratisthitavarman was succeeded by his brother, Bhaskaravarman (600–650), the most illustrious of the Varman kings who succeeded in turning his kingdom and invading the very kingdom that had taken him captive. The area developed a rich cultural heritage during British era. Harshavardhana finally took control over the kingless Maukhari kingdom and moved his capital to Kanauj. [12] In certain areas the breakers of the "bhatheli-ghar" come from another village, resulting in a sort of mock fight between them and the local youth. Food of Eastern Assam has much tribal influence instead of pan-Indian, like usage of bamboo shoot both fresh and fermented. History of Chhattisgarh dates back to the era of epics and traces through the reign of powerful dynasties in India like Marathas. All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! Diglipur is a nice place of tourist importance in North Andaman Islands, located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The state of Assam in India has five regional divisions, each comprising a number of districts. The state was the heart of Mahabharata war and the history of Uttar Pradesh is very much the history of India. He recounted to Xuanzang a Chinese song about the Jin dynasty which became very popular in his kingdom. The Manas then became the Ahom-Mughal boundary until the British occupation." People bow before the bamboos in northern Kamrup and they also touch them with reverence, but it does not look like any sort of bamboo worship. Hindu caste composed of Kamrupi and Goalpariya people are majority. Lower Assam (also Western Assam) is a region situated in Western Brahmaputra Valley encompassing undivided Kamrup and Goalpara regions. His son Samudravarman (374–398), named after Samudragupta, was accepted as an overlord by many local rulers. Bīrendranātha Datta, Nabīnacandra Śarmā, Prabin Chandra Das (1994), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lower_Assam&oldid=984371739, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, India articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 19:31. The term "Lower Assam" is often a misnomer in spite of popular usage to refer the region. Xuanzang mentioned the western border of the Kamarupa kingdom was the Karatoya river and eastern boundary as Dikkaravasini (Sadiya). Assam map covering its districts, cities, roads, railways, areas, airports, Hotels, places of interest and landmarks etc. Pushyavarman (350–374) named after Pushyamitra Shunga, became the first ruler of Kamrup as founder ruler of Varman Dynasty. They were able to regain their kingdom. Dynasty ruled from its capital Durjaya, modern-day North Guwahati. Ratna Pala was another notable sovereign of this line. Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. His son, Susthitavarman (590–600) came under the attack of Mahasenagupta of East Malwa. Muslims celebrate Eid. The modern Western Assam and North Bengal, historically Kamrup,[8] was referred to as Western Assam from colonial times and later. Digilipur is a divine place for the tourists for its natural beauty. He issued the Nidhanpur copper-plate inscription from his victory camp in the Gaur capital Karnasuvarna (present-day Murshidabad, West Bengal) to replace a grant issued earlier by Bhutivarman for a settlement in the Sylhet region of present-day Bangladesh. First historical mention of region was found in Arthashastra of Kautilya in 400 B.C., where he mentioned about flourishing trade between Maurya Empire and Kamarupa. (, "It is presumed that (Kalyanavarman) conquered Davaka, incorporating it within the kingdom of Kamarupa." :; Khandepar Caves are four rock cut caves that dates back to the 11th century and are at Khandepar in North Goa District. In the early part of second millennium, Islam arrived in the region with Turkish and Afghan invaders. (. Assam is famous for its innate beauty, tea gardens, temples and monuments and is considered among the most beautiful places in India. Hinduism is further divided into Vaishnavism and Shaktism. Bodo, Rabha, Koch are other minority languages used in tribal belts. This is evident from the remarks of Hiuen Tsang who visited the Kingdom of Kamarupa in the first half of the seventh century A.D., during the reign of Bhaskaravarman.". Pragya stone pillar mentioned it as frontier kingdom along with Davaka of central Assam. Hinduism and Islam are major religions of the region. Region was mentioned in Hindu epics as Pragjyotisha. In the second half of the nineteenth century, the region became part of the Lower Assam Division, along with Darrang, Nagaon, Khasi and Jaintia Hills. This decisive victory leads to takeover of most of Gauda kingdom by Bhaskaravarman. The folk songs of Goalpara region is known as Goalpariya Lokgeet, of Kamrup region is known as Kamrupi Lokgeet. Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. The ethnic composition of the region is diverse. Assam Download Assam District Map PDF The State of Assam is divided into 33 Districts. Though it is unclear what the effect of this invasion was on the kingdom; that Bhutivarman's grandson, Sthitavarman (566–590), enjoyed victories over the Gauda of Karnasuvarna and performed two aswamedha ceremonies suggests that the Kamarupa kingdom had recovered nearly in full. Satras or monasteries to preserve art and culture. Astronomy is a Kamrupi science. Region served as capital of ancient Kamrup kingdom till its end,[9] centered around modern Kamrup region. Learn more about the Indian geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India. In the 4th century, the region was mentioned as Kamarupa (Western Assam) in the Prayag stone inscription along with Davaka (central Assam).