"-guir" verbs): So how and when do we used past particples? participle is not a tense, but a verb form which comes in handy in several situations:
El teatro está ____ (cerrar) hoy, por eso iré mañana a ver la nueva obra de Daniela, (The theater is closed today, so I will go tomorrow to see the new Daniela’s play), 12. Jamás iré de nuevo a ese restaurante. Though the past participle starts from the infinitive of a verb, it isn’t like other verb tenses or moods, which change to show when the action took place and who was responsible for it. Forming perfect tenses is pretty straightforward since you only have to conjugate one verb: haber (to have). El idioma es ________ (hablar) oficialmente en 57 países alrededor del mundo, (The language is officially spoken in 57 countries around the world), 20. 8) ¡No he reído así en tanto tiempo! Please go to web.baselang.com to log back in and re-subscribe. ¿Puedes cambiar las sillas rotas por unas nuevas por favor? Below are some examples of the past participle verbs being used as adjectives: When you combine past participle verbs + the verb “ser” (to be), the result is the Passive Voice. I gave [past tense] a gift. You can think about this as similar to the -ed ending that modifies many verbs in English e.g. “I went into the supermarket” or “Fuí al supermercado” is the Past Tense. Volver – la vuelta (the turn / a walk / the return). Before you really come to terms with what a Past Participle is, you need to know what a Perfect Tense is. Sidenote: According to Real Academia Española (RAE), there are just three verbs that have two participles, one regular and one irregular. In Spanish, each noun has a “gender,” which doesn’t contribute to the meaning of the noun (i.e., it’s a random M/F assignment). Trabajar – trabajado Proveer (to provide): Proveído (provided) / Provisto (provided). Learn to write like a native speaker. In these sentences, perdido is the past participle. Interestingly, all the irregular forms come from -ER and -IR verbs. Let’s take a look the following chart, with some examples. After that, it’s just $149/mo for unlimited one-on-one tutoring. Las habitaciones fueron ________ (reservar) con anticipación. Las luces estaban encendidas. In fact, for each Spanish Past Participle that you learn, you will gain three different uses. Have conversations faster, understand people when they speak fast, and other tested tips to learn faster. The Spanish Past Participle (also known as Passive Participle or Perfect Participle) is a one of the most important and helpful verb forms that you can learn. 10) He has absolved her of all responsibility. “Excuse me?” I hear some of you screaming at me. 8) You haven’t seen her? 7) Yo tengo las hojas impresas / imprimidas. I am a happy wife and mom to an adorable baby boy. comer – er + ido = comido. Lingvist helps you gain vocabulary faster and more effectively. Even though the most used verb to pair the Past Participle with is “Haber” or “To Have”, you could always use the Verb “Ser” or “To Be” as well, especially when you want to form the passive voice in Spanish. Studied lesson – Lección estudiada. “Amado, amada” or “The loved one” [He or she] and is also the Past Participle. (I have given many presents. “Yo no he caminado por acá antes” or “I have never walked around here before”. “El sandwich tostado” or “A toast sandwich”. The Past Participle (“El participio”) is a verb form that has several important uses. Hemos aprendido demasiado para un día. Some authors consider the number to be around 64 forms. So, in order to form the past participle in Spanish, all you have to do is drop the ending (-ar, -er or -ir) from the Infinitive Verb and then add either -ado (if the ending of the verb was -ar) or -ido (if the ending of the verb was either -er or -ir). Infinitive verb: romper In Spanish the Irregular Verbs are also present, sometimes more than in English. Pelear – peleado. What’s the Deal With the Upside-Down Question Mark in Spanish? Uses of the Past Participle in Spanish. 5) Ya he visto esa película mil veces. A past
To form the past participle of a regular verb, you drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of -er and -ir verbs. The past participle is also used in passive forms after “is” or “was.” A passive sentence talks about an action without specifying who did it. Like many other apps, we collect personal data to provide a better experience for our learners. El estado del enfermo es bastante crítico. Be sure to remember that once you learn the Past Participle, you will also know at least two other words since they go back to the same root. The Spanish equivalent is comido, used to form perfect tenses such as in he comido and había comido. I need to buy fruits and vegetables for tonight’s dinner), 13. Moreover, the Perfect Tense can explain what a Verb Form is. The patient’s condition is quite serious. We are not satisfied with the service here. “I have eaten my dinner tonight”. Once you start integrating this form in your daily Spanish language practise then you will soon discover many more natural ways of coming across and expressing yourself. The best way to learn these past participles is simply…….to memorize them. For the Past Perfect, use the below formula: Subject + Haber (conjugated in the imperfect past tense ) + Past Participle. “I have showered” or “Me he bañado” is the Past Participle. aire de la ciudad está contaminado. ¿La tienda aún está ____ (abrir)? Mi teléfono está roto. These irregular verbs need to be memorized. It could be stated in the Past, Present or Future. Mi jefe esperaba que yo hubiera ______ (poder) terminar el trabajo, (My boss expected that I could have finished the job), 10. 10) ¿Cuánto has escrito para el ensayo? Practice the past participle and learn thousands of words in context with Clozemaster. A Verb Form means that there are ways (or forms) of conjugating a verb. La carne estaba, Yo no he entregado mi reporte, porque no está, Me gustaría un puré de papas con un filete bien. Studied lesson – Lección estudiada. For example: La casa fue vendida. More times than not, however, this just looks like the Simple Past Tense – so how do you differentiate it? To use the Present Perfect, all you need to remember is the below formula: Subject + Haber (conjugated in the simple present tense) + Past Participle. “¿Molestada yo? Estoy contento de que hayas ______ (llegar) a tiempo, 8. used as an adjective, used in passive voice constructions, and as part of
Sign up for Lingvist’s online Spanish course for more practice using past participles, including those tricky irregular forms. You are the one who’s angry!”. All rights reserved. Some of the Irregular Verbs are the following: Click here to read our comprehensive guide to all Spanish tenses!